Archive for the ‘phlebotomy technican’ Category

Learning in a certified facility is extremely important, as a result of a certification that guarantees the truth to complete his training phlebotomist. A phlebotomy courses can applicant must select a faculty long surgical incision properly educate him / her by surgical incision and professionals continue to grow at a solid rate. Coaching programs train students in many technical processes and techniques and surgical incision usually perform once they begin their work with patients. The unit area also employs nurses to help partners how to implement a variety of specialized tools and instrumentality needed to complete the task. Get in-depth information and experience within the area of ​​the surgical incision, no doubt, can open many doors to a higher altitude and attractive employment opportunities. Among the establishments that provide potential participants are schools that are surgical incision be appropriate for them, is that the surgical incision Education Center, Inc. is also providing online material for students of coaching. Individuals can receive information but Blood is drawn from the patients in order of discovery, analysis and treatment of ill health, the unit area known as phlebotomist.

Categories Gift surgical incision students in many of the practices and strategies that incision surgical technicians usually do once begin to operate on patients. They’ll be even offered lessons and guidance on how to implement assortment of specialized tools and instrumentality that unit area required to complete the task. Phlebotomists must meet totally different varieties of roles and must be properly trained and educated in any single one. If you choose a category requiring surgical incision in the network, not mechanically mean you simply receive a degree. Phlebotomist must select a surgical incision venerable establishment is able to adequately prepare him / her for the position. People who have graduated from colleges still need to acquire surgical incision official certification if they commit to advance their careers.

Phlebotomy is basically an art that could be taught easily but one cannot be a master in it truly without any experience. For learning it, one has to do it a lot of heart. As there are patients of many different kinds having different conditions and different type of vines, so one should know the different tricks for handling them. These tricks are basically known as phlebotomy tips. In London, there have been provided a number of new Phlebotomy training tips. And some of the new Phlebotomist training Tips in London 2013 are: The tube used should be of appropriate size with the needle of appropriate size. For example, smaller tubes should be used if one is drawn with a small or a butterfly needle with the hand. Fishing should be avoided as it is the most common practice in almost all the blood collection centers. And for the patient it is very much painful. So if ever the stick is missed by you, try again with withdrawing the needle and replacing it. If you miss the vein and fail to stick the patient, don’t ever re – stick the patient with the same needle. This can result to a real serious infection. And that can also result in hurting the patients by making them more painful. Do not rush. Even if there are more than one hundred patients to stick within two hours, give every patient proper time and attend each of them calmly in a self assured manner. If you’d rush, that will lead to mistakes and mistakes would lead to re – draws and missed – sticks and that will take more of your time. Always keep in mind, not leaving the tourniquet for more than one minute on a patient. If it is done, it results in blood hemolizing and can also damage the skin of the patients. One should always keep a chart that helps in identifying the different tube colors and the types that are associated with each and every type of test, whether on the tray or in the pocket.

Hands on practice is very necessary so choose those phlebotomy training courses that provide the facility of hand on practice. You can also join the internship programs that provide you the opportunity to equip you with the maximum skills and expertise. Venipuncture is one of the most routinely performed invasive process. The most common method of blood collection via vein puncture is the use of needles and syringes.  The blood is drawn in a different manner from infants via heel stick or from scalp veins with the help of winged infusion needle. After achieving the basic and advance venipuncture phlebotomy training, you will go to attend the certification examination conducted by the different agencies. After training and certification, you can apply for a job in any of the health related departments, like, blood banks, clinics, research centers, veterinary care centers, clinical laboratories, hospitals and private physician clinics.

The hospital staff will give you the important instructions for blood collection. The homecare facility will be better for those who need physiotherapy, but are not able to come to the hospital such as in case of paralysis, post surgery, very acute and severe back or joint pain and any other neurological or orthopaedic conditions.  Most of the patients prefer to go for in house services because they find it time saving and convenient, because in hospitals, they have to wait for long time due to the number of patients. In this way, you can also improve the patient care by providing in house phlebotomy services.

Phlebotomy is a specialized area of medical sciences which deals with the blood-letting procedures via dermal puncture or vein puncture. Phlebotomist is a trained and certified professional whose primary role is to obtain blood samples for diagnostic testing, for blood transfusions, or extraction of blood from patients with polycythemia (overproduction of red blood cells). Phlebotomists are also responsible for collection of other body fluids specimens, like, urine, stool, sputum, etc and after collection; these specimens are transported to the concerned departments of the clinical laboratory for testing. There are various phlebotomy training courses available where you can gain the expertise in performing the vein puncture techniques effectively.

A hand on practice is very necessary in order to be skilled in phlebotomy techniques. After acquiring the basic vein puncture techniques, you can refine your skills by maximizing sample quantity and also to minimize patient discomfort. You can join any of the phlebotomy training courses prior to your need to learn the basic as well as advance techniques. It is also very necessary to improve your communication skills as you have to deal with a variety of patients including infants, children, old, etc. an improper vein puncture can lead to various complications. Hemolysis can easily be caused by wrong incision in a vein. Hemolysis is caused when the red blood cells are broken up, and hemoglobin is released into the plasma. Hemolysis can be caused by using too small needle, expelling blood vigorously into a tube, or pulling a syringe plunger quickly. This can give the false results, as hemolysis may result in increased potassium, magnesium, iron and ammonia levels, and other aberrant lab results. To deal with all these complications, perfection is needed. Insufficient blood extraction in a tube containing anticoagulant may result in an incorrect blood to anticoagulant ratio, and will give incorrect test results. As phlebotomy deal with the puncture of the skin and veins, basic knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of human systems is very important as well as the knowledge of the blood and its components. It is very necessary to properly identify the patient in order to prevent any error and to maintain the specimen integrity. Keeping the records properly is also the responsibility of a phlebotomist. The health care institutes also prefer the expert and certified professionals to work as a phlebotomist Certification so gaining perfection in phlebotomy techniques is very essential in order to perform your tasks efficiently.

Drawing Blood From Infants and Children

Normal* Blood Values For Infants

Haemoglobin Haematocrit Red Blood Cell (RBC)
Newborns:    17-22 grams/dL

1 week:        15-20 grams/dL

1 month:      11-15 grams/dL

Newborns: 44-64% Newborns: 4.8-7.1 mm/uL


*Normal values often vary among labs.  Blood types not shown have normal values that are the same as those for adults.

Reducing Heel Stick Pain in Infants

Given the infant distress observed during heel stick procedures, much attention has been devoted to methods of relieving pain. In addition to swaddling, providing an object for sucking and gentle leg massage may significantly reduce infant pain.

One team of neonatologists out of Naples, Italy found that non-nutritive sucking (e.g. sucking on a pacifier, finger, toy, or other item that does not provide nutrition) during the heel stick procedure significantly reduced behavioural distress in newborns2.  The group, led by M.G. Corbo, studied 26 neonates from birth to 2 weeks of age. The non-nutritive sucking reduced the level of increase in heart rate during the heel stick procedure, as well as the length of time the infants cried.

A second study, which examined 23 infants, aged 1-7 days, found that babies who received gentle massage of the leg on which the heel stick would be performed for 2 minutes prior to receiving the heel stick had significantly lower pain response and lower heart rates during the heel stick procedure3.

Phlebotomy And Phlebotomist

Because of the small amount of blood needed, and because the fingers are too small, heel sticks are the most common means of collecting blood from newborns and infants under 12 months of age.  As the name of the procedure implies, the infant’s heel is punctured using a lancet to an approximate depth of .85mm to 2mm. Following this shallow prick, the blood is collected by using either filter paper, a Microtainerä, or a capillary tube.  The blood is then used to screen for a variety of serious genetic (inherited) metabolic disorders such as phenylketonuria (PKU), hypothyroidism and galactosaemia in the days following birth, or to diagnose illness in infants.  The detailed technique is outlined in the next section.

Since small cuts on most neonates will not produce immediate bleeding, you may need to apply gentle pressure to collect the sample.  Avoid heavy pressure or prolonged massaging as this can cause Phlebotomy or dilution with tissue fluids.

  1. Wipe away the first drop of blood, which may be diluted with tissue fluids, using sterile cotton gauze.
  1. Collect the sample

If using filter paper, gently touch the designated collection area to the blood drop at the puncture site to collect the blood.  Be careful not to touch or smudge the blood spot on the paper.

If using capillary tube(s) allow a blood drop to form, then tilt the tube and gently touch it to the site to collect the blood.  Repeat this technique until the tube is filled to the line.

If using Microtainersä hold the container at a 30 to 45° angle so the blood will flow into the container.  Be sure to properly mix tubes with additives and to follow the correct order of draw protocol for your facility; be aware that it will differ from the protocol for Vacutainersä Phlebotomist.

  1. After the procedure has been completed, elevate the heel above the infant’s body, hold a piece of sterile gauze against the puncture site until the bleeding has stopped.
  1. Dispose of all contaminated waste and clean the area and your hands in accordance with the infection control protocol at your facility.

Phlebotomy is a practical field of medical sciences and is implemented to draw blood with the help of vein puncture technique. Individuals that are trained and skilled in drawing blood from patients on daily basis are known as a phlebotomist or a phlebotomist technician.

A phlebotomist handles all the processes involved in the blood collection. The blood samples are usually collected when suggested by a doctor for the testing, transfusions or for a research purpose. It is a highly sensitive procedure as strict safety standards and experienced professional phlebotomists are required to perform it.  Without proper certification, you are not allowed to draw blood. If you are interested in phlebotomy profession, you need a certificate of competence. For phlebotomy certification, first get enrolled in a well recognized institution that will polish your skills so that you will be able to perform your job responsibilities in an effective manner. The certification of competence is provided to those skilled individuals that are dedicated, hard working and able to bear workloads. In order to pass a certification exam, you must have knowledge of vein puncture techniques.

The certificate of competence is only awarded to those candidates who successfully pass the exam.  These exams are conducted by accredited certifying agencies like, American Association of Medical Personnel, American Medical Technologists, American Society of Clinical Pathologists, etc. the criteria of certification vary in different countries.  A variety of different phlebotomy training courses are available for the students wishing to join it as a profession. Schools, community colleges and vocational training institutes offer phlebotomy courses with allied health care facilities.  Some programs are also offered by hospitals and are given at low cost for hospital employees. These courses are very necessary to attend, which will help to pass the certification examination of phlebotomy.

Phlebotomy is a specialized field of medical sciences which means to cut a vein. It is concerned with the process of blood extraction from the blood vessel of an individual by a vein puncture technique. A person specialized and trained in drawing blood is known as a phlebotomy technician or a phlebotomist.  The blood is generally drawn when it is suggested by a doctor to its patient for the determination of the health status.

The blood donations or transfusion procedures is also carried out by a phlebotomist. The research studies on human beings or animals also require blood specimen to be tested.   The health care industry is growing rapidly and is creating many job opportunities and phlebotomy is one of them. In order to become a professional phlebotomist, certification is very necessary as no one is allowed to extract blood without proper training. Usually the doctor, nurses, paramedical staff and medical students require phlebotomy training and certification but non medical students can also have an opportunity to join it as a profession.

The requirement of certified phlebotomy technician is increasing day by day so they can avail various benefits of better earning and better career advancements. If you have decided to make phlebotomy as your profession then the first step is to get enroll yourself in an accredited phlebotomy training program which will help you to gain skills to perform your job efficiently. You will find numerous training institutes in your local area where you can learn the theoretical as well as practical phlebotomy.

They also have facilities to provide hands on practice on artificial arms with synthetic blood. These courses cover the topics relevant to basic and advance phlebotomy. The trainee will gain knowledge about the major human body systems including blood circulatory system, muscular system, physiology, anatomy, urinary and vein system. The practical phlebotomy includes the blood extraction techniques, usage and assembling of equipments, labeling procedures, record and data collection and dealing with waste materials. The trainers or instructors will also guide you about how to communicate with different patients. A phlebotomy training should also follow all the standard safety precautions necessary for safety of patients as well as for themselves. After the completion of the training, you will be able to pass a certification examination which will ensure that you have completed the proper training and skilled enough to work as a professional phlebotomist. After certification, you will be hired by health care institutes.